Thursday, March 05, 2015

BOYELS APPARATUS – ANAESTHETIC MACHINE

BOYELS APPARATUS – ANAESTHETIC MACHINE



Gas cylinders
• A small metal and neoprene seal (Bodok Seal) ensures a gas-tight fit between the cylinder and anaesthetic machine yoke.
• Under no circumstances may oil or grease be used as a seal; the pressurized gases give off heat as they are released from the cylinder and may cause explosions if oil is used.
• Before attaching a full cylinder to the  machine briefly open and close the cylinder valve to clear any dirt from the port.
Checking a Boyles anesthetic machine which uses cylinders as the source of compressed gases
• This should be performed before each theatre list.
• (If the machine is attached to pipelines then do the following test attaching and detaching pipelines as well as checking the cylinders)
• If an oxygen analyzer is available, use it. It is the only way to verify the contents of an oxygen cylinder.
• Check that cylinders are securely attached and turned off.
• Open all flow meter control valves and check there is no flow.
• Turn on oxygen cylinder and check its contents on pressure gauge. Set the rotameter to read 4 liters/minute. If a second oxygen cylinder is present, turn off the first and check the contents of second. Check there is no flow at the nitrous oxide rotameter.
• Turn on the nitrous oxide cylinder and check the contents on the pressure gauge. Set the rotameter to 4 liters/minute and check the oxygen rotameter setting has not changed. If a second nitrous oxide cylinder is present turn it on to check its contents then turn it off again.
• Turn off the oxygen cylinder and empty system via oxygen flush. The oxygen warning device should sound (if fitted), and should vent all gases from the machine. There should be no flow at the common gas outlet.
• Turn on the oxygen cylinder again.
• Check that the vaporizers are properly fitted to the back bar, with no leaks. They should contain an adequate amount of volatile anesthetic agent and the controls operate throughout their full range without sticking.
• If the anesthetic machine is fitted with a pressure relief valve it should be tested by occluding the common gas outlet with a thumb whilst gas is flowing. The pressure relief valve should open with an audible release of gas. Do not do this test if a PRV is not fitted as it may damage the vaporizers.
• Check your breathing circuit toensure that it has been assembled correctly, close the valve, fill with gas and squeeze the reservoir bag to ensure there are no leaks. Openthe valves following this check and ensure circuit empties.
• [Anesthesiologist] Check the function of other equipment such as suction apparatus and laryngoscopes and ensure that all the drugs, endotracheal tubes, facemasks and airways you may require are present.

BOYELS APPARATUS